Dr Baris Cayli Messina

Dr Baris Cayli Messina

Welcome to my personal website!

I would define myself as a social and cultural critic as well as a feminist scholar based on my moral principles and the need to create a just and peaceful society in which all forms of systemic inequality need to be eradicated.

I am Associate Professor of Criminology at the University of Lincoln. I am Book Series Editor of Temple Studies in Criminalization, History, and Society which is published by Temple University Press. I held Visiting Professor and Fellowship positions at the University of Palermo, LUMSA University, the University of Oxford, and Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. I am Senior Research Affiliate of the TSAS, the Canadian Network for Terrorism, Security, and Society, and RUSI.


I am very happily married to Gioacchino Messina.


This personal website is intended to provide information about my works. To learn more about my research, teaching interests, publications, and current projects, please visit the related pages of this website. My media and public scholarship page and blog page contain posts, submission calls, and my views on current social, political, and cultural issues.

From Ottoman Rebellions to Jihadist Organizations

(Kingston & Ontorio, London, Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2019)

You can visit the webpage of the book by clicking here


‘A serious-minded and sophisticated treatment of a controversial and significant subject’

Richard English, Queen's University Belfast, author of Does Terrorism Work? A History

"Cayli's analysis is careful and rigorous, and his command of secondary literature is impressive, resulting in a broadly multidisciplinary study."

Kirkus Reviews

"Violence and Militants offers the reader an exciting journey to unveil the ravages of catastrophe" 
Jeffrey Ian Ross, University of Baltimore, author of Political Terrorism: An Interdisciplinary approach

“Violence and Militants is an insightful analysis focused on a key question: How do violent organizations and groups justify their use of violence in different times and places? In this empirically rich study Baris Cayli explores how structural and cultural violence operate in premodern and contemporary social contexts. Homing in on the behaviour of rebels and state authorities in the Ottoman world as well as violent organizations of today, this book offers a novel interpretation of the social processes involved in the rationalization and use of violence.”

Siniša Maleševic,  University College Dublin, author of  The Rise of Organised Brutality

“Cayli’s analytical, comparative, and moderate approach invites readers to engage in an intellectual dialogue over group manifestations of violence, rationalized in the name of ideological goals. The points raised are thought-provoking – not entertainment or distraction. Questions asked as well as answered generate new inquiries and new insights in this book.” 

Ezel Kural Shaw, co-author of

The History of Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey

""Baris Cayli brings together, in an efficient and thoughtful manner, politics, sociology, anthropology, history, and philosophy to describe and explain violence in different time periods.The book is essential not only to political philosophy but also to scholars of terrorism, violence, or militant or nationalist organizations."

Valérie Vézina 

Canadian Journal of Political Science

“Baris Cayli’s approach through the prism of cultural and structural violence brings the kind of comparative study that I haven’t seen anywhere else."

Christophe Chowanietz, author of Bombs, Bullets, and Politicians


“The great strength of Violence and Militants is the way in which it utilizes the concepts of both cultural and structural violence and applies them to different instances of violence committed by militant groups across time and space.”

Monica Ingber, author of The Politics of Conflict

"This thought-provoking and comprehensive discussion will likely prove influential in foreign policy and both domestic and international security concerns for decades to come."

Kate Robinson, US Review of Books





Cultural activities in a social setting offer a common ground to conceive complex power dynamics. Culture has been a place of escape throughout history for dissident people who were oppressed and marginalised by a social system that created injustice for them. The cultural anthropology of protest against perceived injustice exposes the powerful actors who create injustice and demonstrates how people demonstrate their reactions through different instruments in the cultural spectrum. The identification of agencies that perpetrate injustice from the perspective of vulnerable people clarifies the quandaries of a confrontation in a contested location.However, the articles in this special issue show that this confrontation also needs to be read by centralising the people who are subject to the injustice that forms and shapes different cultural forms at the same time. The cultural forms examined in this special issue indicate that powerful authorities are not indestructible, and the layers of resistance have complex patterns as much as the structures of authorities do.

Messina, Cayli, (2020) "The Cultural Anthropology of Protest against Perceived InjusticeAnthropological Notebooks 26(1): 1-12




Outlaws have been prominent actors in a social context which is characterized by collective dissent, conflict, and violence. Bandits, brigands, and militants emerged in societies with the decline of social justice, political stability, and economic prosperity. Their emergence and social networks with different actors and agencies provide us principal motives to deconstruct the social identity of outlaws and determine the factors that fostered collective dissent, conflict, and violence in different societies. This special issue covers a vast geography and different time periods to theo- retically and methodologically advance our knowledge in the historical sociology of outlaws. In doing so, we address complex social, political, and cultural issues that rendered outlaws inextri- cable part of social problems. Exploring the power and activities of outlaws in different social geographies offers us new perspectives to tackle the origins and outcomes of social, political, and cultural dissent across the world.

Messina, Cayli B. (2021) "Bandits, Brigands, and Militants: The Historical Sociology of Outlaws

Journal of Historical Sociology  34(3): 402-406.


24-25 March 2022
Deadline to submit: 1 December 2021

Marble Surface